Mumps outbreaks in four universities in the North West of England: Prevention, detection and response

Source: Vaccine, Article in press, Uncorrected proof, Available online 27 March

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: March 2011

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: Evidence suggests that primary and secondary vaccine failure have contributed to recent university-based mumps outbreaks. We describe the epidemiology and public health management of two such outbreaks that occurred simultaneously in two areas of the North West of England, affecting four universities, using data from routine surveillance, serology testing, and telephone interviews and electronic questionnaires. Vaccination status was obtained from GP records. Cases were predominantly first year students living in university halls of residence. Public health response involved active surveillance, isolation advice and targeted vaccination clinics. Many students lack natural immunity and mumps vaccination. Factors hindering the public health response include delayed notifications, inability to readily define the ‘at risk’ population, low vaccine uptake, and lack of an evidence-based, cost effective strategy. Keywords: Mumps; Outbreak; University students; MMR; Vaccine; Prevention; Control

Length of publication: Unknown

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