Immunisation Horizon Scanning Volume 3 Issue 6

July 27, 2011

Childhood swine flu vaccination uptake in a Welsh general practice: a prospective study

July 27, 2011

Source: British Journal of General Practice, 2011 Jul;61(588):392-6.

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Date of publication: July 2011

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: BACKGROUND: Immunisation of infants is effective and benefits the health of the children immunised as well as the community where uptake is high. Any social inequality in uptake will worsen any social inequalities that already exist. AIM: To investigate the demographic characteristics of families attending for swine flu vaccination… RESULTS: No evidence was found of any significant associations between potential risk factors and the outcome. CONCLUSION: This suggests that social inequality did not affect vaccination uptake in this sample.

Length of publication: 5-page article


Measles cases exceed 2010 total after 5 months

July 11, 2011

Source: The Telegraph

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Date of publication: June 2011

Publication Type: News-Item

In a nutshell: Cases of measles in the first five months of this year have surpassed the number for the whole of 2010, according to new data. The Health Protection Agency (HPA) reported 496 cases of measles in England and Wales up to the end of May, compared with 374 for the whole of 2010. Dr Ramsay warned: “Anyone who missed out on MMR as a child will continue to be at risk of measles, which explains why we are seeing these new cases in a broad age range.

Length of publication: 1-page news-item


Flu jab for all under fives could save ‘thousands of people’

July 11, 2011

Source: The Telegraph

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Date of publication: June 2011

Publication Type: News-Item

In a nutshell: Thousands of lives could be saved a year if all young children were vaccinated annually against flu, say Oxford University academics. Doing so would not only protect against the most vulnerable children, but also save the lives of many more elderly people who would avoid being infected.

Length of publication: 1-page news-item


Rationale for pertussis booster vaccination throughout life in Europe

July 11, 2011

Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol 11, Iss 7, Pages 557 – 570, July 2011

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Date of publication: July 2011

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: Although the introduction of universal pertussis immunisation in infants has greatly reduced the number of reported cases in infants and young children, disease incidence has been increasing in adolescents and adults in recent years. This changing epidemiological pattern is probably largely attributable to waning immunity after natural infection or vaccination. Furthermore, improved diagnostic testing, active surveillance, changes in disease susceptibility, vaccine characteristics, and increased awareness of the disease might also be contributing factors. Susceptibility to pertussis in adolescents and adults results not only in direct morbidity in these age groups, but also poses a transmission risk to susceptible non-immune infants who are often too young to be vaccinated. Because vaccination schedules vary across Europe, we review the pertussis situation in this region and propose considerations for use of pertussis booster vaccinations at different ages to reduce individual morbidity and transmission from present rates and increase herd protection.

Length of publication: 13-page article


Randomised cluster trial to support informed parental decision-making for the MMR vaccine

July 11, 2011

Source: BMC Public Health, 2011 Jun 16;11(1):475. [Epub ahead of print]

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Date of publication: June 2011

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: BACKGROUND: In the UK public concern about the safety of the combined measles, mumps and rubella [MMR] vaccine continues to impact on MMR coverage. Whilst the sharp decline in uptake has begun to level out, first and second dose uptake rates remain short of that required for population immunity. Furthermore, international research consistently shows that some parents lack confidence in making a decision about MMR vaccination for their children. Together, this work suggests that effective interventions are required to support parents to make informed decisions about MMR. This trial assessed the impact of a parent-centred, multi-component intervention (balanced information, group discussion, coaching exercise) on informed parental decision-making for MMR… CONCLUSIONS: Whilst both the leaflet and the parent meeting reduced parents’ decisional conflict, the parent meeting appeared to enable parents to act upon their decision leading to vaccination uptake.

Length of publication: 36-page article


Measles: time to address a preventable problem

July 11, 2011

Source: Practice Nursing, Vol. 22, Iss. 7, 01 Jul 2011, pp 358 – 361

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Date of publication: July 2011

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: Helen Bedford considers the reasons for a rise in the incidence of measles this year and discusses what practice nurses can do to help stamp out a disease that can have serious consequences for public health.

Length of publication: 4-page article