Immunisation Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 2 Issue 2

March 1, 2010
Advertisements

HPV vaccination: waiting for evidence of effectiveness

February 24, 2010

Source: The Lancet

Follow this link for abstract

Year of publication: February 2010

Publication Type: Correspondance

In a nutshell: As noted by Gary Cliff ord, the greatest source of uncertainty about the potential effectiveness of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines remains the duration of the immune response. However, even if the most optimistic scenario of HPV vaccine              effectiveness is realised, the introduction of HPV vaccines to populations not yet fully covered by screening services may compete with limited budgets for the buildout of screening services and thereby decelerate global reductions in deaths from cervical cancer by creating populations of women who will not be protected by either screening or vaccination…  and leading scientists, including Nobel laureate Harald zur Hausen, predict that even the best-case scenario of HPV vaccination will require booster doses.

Length of publication: 1 page correspondance


Vaccines for preventing influenza in the elderly

February 24, 2010

Source: The Cohrane Library

Follow this link for full-text

Year of publication: February 2010

Publication Type: Review

In a nutshell: Influenza vaccination of elderly individuals is recommended worldwide as people aged 65 and older are at a higher risk of complications, hospitalisations and deaths from influenza. This review looked at evidence from experimental and non-experimental studies carried out over 40 years of influenza vaccination. We included 75 studies. These were grouped first according to study design and then the setting (community or long-term care facilities). The results are mostly based on non-experimental (observational) studies, which are at greater risk of bias, as not many good quality trials were available. Trivalent inactivated vaccines are the most commonly used influenza vaccines. Due to the poor quality of the available evidence, any conclusions regarding the effects of influenza vaccines for people aged 65 years or older cannot be drawn. The public health safety profile of the vaccines appears to be acceptable.

Length of publication: 3 page Summary / 119 page Standard Document / 199 page Full Document


Hope for a ‘Stroke Vaccine’

February 24, 2010

Source: Express

Follow this link for full-text

Year of publication: February 2010

Publication Type: News Item

In a nutshell: A CLUE to the cause of strokes has been found which could lead to the creation of a “stroke vaccine”. Researchers say the lack of a certain type of antibody in the immune system increases the chance of a potentially fatal attack. Now a treatment could be found to mobilise the body’s own defences against the hardening of arteries which can cause blood clots in the brain.

Length of publication: 1 page news item


Drop in swine flu cases leads to helpline closure

February 15, 2010

Source: BBC News

Follow this link for full-text

Year of publication: February 2010

Publication Type: News Item

In a nutshell: The National Pandemic Flu Service in England is to close because of the sharp decline in cases of the H1N1 swine flu virus.

Length of publication: 1 page news item


Shingles vaccine moves a step closer

February 15, 2010

Source: Department of Health

Follow this link for full-text

Year of publication: January 2009

Publication Type: News Item

In a nutshell: People aged between 70 and 79 could be offered protection against shingles for the first time as a vaccination programme moved a step closer the Public Health Minister Gillian Merron said today. The move follows a recommendation made by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) that the vaccine should be offered to this age group if it can be bought at a price which makes the programme cost-effective.

Length of publication: 1 page news item


Further dissemination

February 15, 2010

If you think anyone would benefit from receiving this post or from subscribing to this blog please email them the link to this blog and suggest they sign up to the blog newsletter to stay up-to-date with new content.