Childhood MMR vaccination rates fall

October 12, 2015

Source: BBC News

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Date of publication: September 2015

Publication Type: News

In a nutshell: The proportion of two-year-old children in England having the MMR vaccine has fallen, according to NHS statistics. In 2014-15, 92.3% of children had the jab to protect them from measles, mumps and rubella. The Health and Social Care Information Centre said the figure was 92.7% in the previous year – which was the highest level of coverage ever achieved. Some parts of the country had less than 80% of children immunised against the infections. The target rate is 95%, which is enough to prevent the diseases spreading in a community.

Length of publication: 1-page 


Recent changes to the routine childhood immunization schedule

September 1, 2015

Source: Practice Nursing, 2015, 26 (8), pp. 386 – 392

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Date of publication: August 2015

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: Practice nurses play a key role in both promoting the uptake of immunizations and administering them, ensuring that every child benefits from this important public health intervention. Karen Ford discusses recent changes to the childhood immunization schedule

Length of publication: 6-page article

Autism Occurrence by MMR Vaccine Status Among US Children With Older Siblings With and Without Autism

April 28, 2015

Source: JAMA, 2015; 313(15): 1534-1540

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Date of publication: April 2015

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: Importance  Despite research showing no link between the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism spectrum disorders (ASD), beliefs that the vaccine causes autism persist, leading to lower vaccination levels. Parents who already have a child with ASD may be especially wary of vaccinations. Objective  To report ASD occurrence by MMR vaccine status in a large sample of US children who have older siblings with and without ASD… Conclusions and Relevance  In this large sample of privately insured children with older siblings, receipt of the MMR vaccine was not associated with increased risk of ASD, regardless of whether older siblings had ASD. These findings indicate no harmful association between MMR vaccine receipt and ASD even among children already at higher risk for ASD.

Length of publication: 6-page article

See also: Nursing Times news report No link between MMR and autism, concludes major US study

Measles: A tale of birth cohorts and herd immunity

February 12, 2015

Source: Practice Nursing, 2014, 25 (12,) pp 611–614

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: Sarah Lang reviews the effect of measles infection and the impact of measles vaccination since its introduction in the UK in 1988. She discusses the implications for practice nurses and requirements for practice.

Length of publication:

Measles eradication plans have stalled, says WHO

November 20, 2014

Source: The Guardian

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Date of publication: November 2014

Publication Type: News item

In a nutshell: Measles deaths have gone up, not down, in the last year. Progress towards elimination of the disease that kills and disables thousands of children has stopped in its tracks as funding has been cut back in the global recession

Length of publication: 1-page article

Evaluation of the measles, mumps and rubella vaccination catch-up campaign in England in 2013

July 30, 2014

Source: Vaccine DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.05.077

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Date of publication: July 2014

Publication Type: Journal Article

In a nutshell:  In January–March 2013 in England, confirmed measles cases increased in children aged 10–16 years. In April–September 2013, the National Health System and Public Health England launched a national measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) campaign based on data from Child Health Information Systems (CHIS) estimating that approximately 8% in this age group were unvaccinated. We estimated coverage at baseline, and, of those unvaccinated (target), the proportion vaccinated up to 20/08/2013 (mid-point) to inform further public health action. We selected a sample of 6644 children aged 10–16 years using multistage sampling from those reported unvaccinated in CHIS at baseline and validated their records against GP records. We adjusted the CHIS MMR vaccine coverage estimates correcting by the proportion of vaccinated children obtained through sample validation. We validated 5179/6644 (78%) of the sample records. Coverage at baseline was estimated as 94.7% (95% confidence intervals, CI: 93.5–96.0%), lower in London (86.9%, 95%CI: 83.0–90.9%) than outside (96.1%, 95%CI 95.5–96.8%). The campaign reached 10.8% (95%CI: 7.0–14.6%) of the target population, lower in London (7.1%, 95%CI: 4.9–9.3) than in the rest of England (11.4%, 95%CI: 7.0–15.9%). Coverage increased by 0.5% up to 95.3% (95% CI: 94.1–96.4%) but an estimated 210,000 10–16 year old children remained unvaccinated nationally. Baseline MMR coverage was higher than previously reported and was estimated to have reached the 95% campaign objective at midpoint. Eleven per cent of the target population were vaccinated during the campaign, and may be underestimated, especially in London. No further national campaigns are needed but targeted local vaccination activities should be considered.

Length of publication: 8-page article

Measles cases in the US reach 20-year high

May 30, 2014

Source: BBC News

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Date of publication: May 2014

Publication Type: News Item

In a nutshell: Public health experts in the US are urging people to get vaccinated after a spike in measles cases in the country this year.

Length of publication:  1-page article.